City Highlights of Chicago, Illinois
Chicago, officially the city of Chicago with the population of 2,716,450 people, is the third most heavily settled city in the United States and the largest city in the state of Illinois, USA. Chicago is located next to Lake Michigan, one of the five Great Lakes. The name Chicago is a French version of the word shikaakwa (“Stinky Onion”), a Miami Illinois word, and is named for the plants common along the Chicago River.
Chicago was founded in early 18thcentury by Jean Baptiste Point du Sable, a free trader. The city was established to create a canal connecting steamboats and sailing ships on the Great Lakes to Mississippi River. Later on, Chicago became a trading center in the American West for food, crops, and fur.
The growth of the city incited rapid constructions of sidewalks – mainly built of woods. On October 8, 1871, the great Chicago fire spread rapidly, and the wooden walkways became city's downfall. More than 15,000 buildings got destroyed, 300 people were dead, and 100,000 people were left without a home.
Nowadays, Chicago is a major world financial center and it has the second largest central business district in the United States. The city is also home to main economic and future exchanges; Chicago Stock Exchange, The Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE), and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (the “Merc). With O’Hare International Airport and Midway International Airport , Chicago is one of the busiest Aviation centers in the United States.
Many Museums can be found in Chicago City including; Adler Planetarium, Art Institute of Chicago, Field Museum of National History, Museum of Science and Industry, Polish Museum of America, and Shedd Aquarium .
Christianity is a predominant religion among the city's population who worship. As of ethnic groups, the population consists of: 45% white (31% non-Hispanic whites); 32,9 Black or African American; 13,4% from some different racial type; 5,5% Asian (1,6% Chinese, 1,1% Indian, 1,1% Filipino, 0,4% Korean, 0,3% Vietnamese, 0,2% Japanese, 0,1% Thai); 2,7% of two or more races; 0,5% American Indian. Hispanic or Latino population is presented with 28,9% (21,4% Mexican, 3,8% Puerto Rican, 0,7 Guatemalan, 0,6% Ecuadorian, 0,3% Cuban, 0,3% Colombian, 0,2% Honduran, 0,2% Salvadoran, 0,2% Peruvian).
Landmarks in Chicago
Famous Chicago Landmarks are: Navy Pier , a 3,300-foot-long pier on the Chicago shoreline of Lake Michigan; Millennium Park , a public park located in the Loop community area of Chicago and initially intended to celebrate the third millennium; The Art Institute of Chicago , one of the oldest and largest museums in the United States; Wrigley Field , a baseball park in the north side of Chicago, which is the home of the Chicago Cubs; The Magnificent Mile, Chicago’s premier commercial district; the Chicago Riverwalk , a waterfront park in Chicago; Holy Name Cathedral , the seat of Archdiocese of Chicago, one of the largest Roman dioceses in the United States; and Buckingham Fountain in the Center of Grant Park.